Woodland mosque observes the martyrdom of
Hadrat Otham Ghani, the third Caliph of Islam
On 17 Zul Hajj, November 24, 2010, the Woodland Mosque observed the martyrdom anniversary of Hazrat Otham Ghani, the third Caliph of Islam.
The program, after Isha prayer, begam with the recitation of holy Quran by Imam Maulana Hafiz Shamsuddin of Sacramento.
Maulana Hafiz Shamsuddin also presented a naat in his melodious voice.
Imam of Wooland mosque, Hafiz Qari Aamir Hussain made a very enlightened speech on life of Hadrat Usman Ghani and in detail presented his very far reaching accomplishments for the Muslim of the time and also for the generations to come.
Pir mohammad Zubair of Bay area and Hafiz Mohammad A. Noman also spoke at the occasion. At the conclusion senior Imam Khateeb Mufti Mahmood Varnalvi made dua fateha and dua for all participants and also a special prayer for peace for all humanity.
After the program refreshments were served. (Hafiz Qari Aamir Hussain)
Uthman bin Affan (644-656 AD) was born seven years after the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him). He belonged to the Omayyad branch of the Quraish tribe.
Even before Islam, Uthman had been noted for his truthfulness and integrity. He and Abu Bakr were close friends, and it was Abu Bakr who brought him to Islam when he was thirty-four years of age.
Some years later he married the Prophet's second daughter, Ruqayya. In spite of his wealth and position, his relatives subjected him to torture because he had embraced Islam, and he was forced to emigrate to Abyssinia. Some time later he returned to Mecca but soon migrated to Medina with the other Muslims. In Medina his business again began to flourish and he regained his former prosperity.
Uthman's generosity had no limits. On various occasions he spent a great portion of his wealth for the welfare of the Muslims, for charity and for equipping the Muslim armies. That is why he came to be known as 'Ghani' meaning 'Generous.'
Because he had the privilege of having two daughters of the Prophet as wives Uthman was known as 'The Possessor of the Two Lights. '
Uthman participated in the Battles of Uhud and the Trench. After the encounter of the Trench, the Prophet (PBUH) decided to perform Hajj and sent Uthman as his emissary to the Quraish in Mecca, who detained him. The episode ended in a treaty with the Meccans known as the Treaty of Hudaibiya.
In spite of his wealth, he lived very simply and slept on bare sand in the courtyard of the Prophet's mosque. Uthman knew the Qur'an from memory.
During Uthman's rule the characteristics of Abu Bakr's and Umar's caliphates - impartial justice for all, mpderate and humane policies, striving in the path of God, and the expansion of Islam - continued.
Uthman's realm extended in the west to Morocco, in the east to Afghanistan, and in the north to Armenia and Azerbaijan. During his caliphate a navy was organized, administrative divisions of the state were revised, and many public projects were expanded and completed.
Uthman sent prominent Companions of the Prophet (peace be on him) as his personal deputies to various provinces to scrutinize the conduct of officials and the condition of the people.
Uthman's most notable contribution to the religion of God was the distribution of an authoritative text of the Qur'an. A large number of copies of the authoritative text were made and distributed all over the Muslim world.
Uthman ruled for twelve years. The first six years were marked by internal peace and tranquility, but during the second half of his caliphate a rebellion arose.
The Jews and the Magians, taking advantage of dissatisfaction among the people, began conspiring against Uthman.
It may seem surprising that a ruler of such vast territories, whose armies were matchless, was unable to deal with these rebels. If Uthman had wished, the rebellion could have been crushed at the very moment it began. But he was reluctant to be the first to shed the blood of Muslims, however rebellious they might be. He preferred to reason with them, to persuade them with kindness and generosity.
The rebels demanded that he abdicate and some of the Companions advised him to do so. He would gladly have followed this course of action, but again he was bound by a solemn pledge he had given to the Prophet.
Uthman said to a well-wisher on a day when his house was surrounded by the rebels, "God's Messenger made a covenant with me and I shall show endurance in adhering to it."
After a long siege, the rebels broke into Uthman's house and murdered him. When the first assassin's sword struck Uthman, he was reciting the verse,
"Verily, God sufficeth thee; He is the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing" [2:137]
Uthman breathed his last on the afternoon of Friday, 17 Dhul Hijja, 35 A.H. (June. 656 A.C.). He was eighty-four years old. The power of the rebels was so great that Uthman's body lay unburied until Saturday night when he was buried in his blood-stained clothes, the shroud which befits all martyrs in the cause of God.